Fenella Cannell, 1999, Power and Intimacy in the Christian Philippines. 0000007149 00000 n Magellan (or one of his men) was able to cure or help the young boy, and in gratitude Humabon allowed himself, his chief consort Humamay, and 800 of his subjects to be baptised en masse. Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of Iglesia Filipina Independiente. Sultanates in Mindanao retained the Islamic faith, which had been present in the southern Philippines since some time between the 10th and 12th century, had slowly spread north throughout the archipelago, particularly in coastal areas. His work attempts to tell "not Cebu is a province in the Philippines consisting of the Cebu Island and many other surrounding islands. allowed Christianity to take r oot, develop, and dominate in the Philippines. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. The story goes that Magellan met with Rajah Humabon, ruler of the island of Cebu, who had an ill grandson. The National Council of Churches in the Philippines, a community of Protestant churches, was formed in 1963. Filipino historians like Dr. Renato Constantino asserted that no Philippine history can be complete without a study of Muslim development (1990:29). Some lords, especially on Kyushu, and Japan's upcoming leader Oda Nobunaga welcomed these new visitors for the weapons they brought with them and tolerated the missionaries that came together as part of the package. Led by Father Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friars moved from Mexico to the Philippines upon the request of Philip II and became the first official Catholic missionaries in the country. %%EOF 30. endstream endobj 22 0 obj<> endobj 23 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]>>/Type/Page>> endobj 24 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<>stream … [9] This resistance to Western intrusion makes this story an important part of the nationalist history of the Philippines. After Magellan, Miguel López de Legazpi conquered the Islamised Kingdom of Maynila in 1570. ", Bastion of Truth Reformed Churches in the Philippines, Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines, Christian Reformed Church in the Philippines, Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Philippines General Council of the Assemblies of God, Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, Evangelical Methodist Church in the Philippine Islands, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association. 0000004231 00000 n For most Filipinos, the belief in God permeates many aspects of life. 21 0 obj <> endobj 0000005138 00000 n January itself has two important Christological feasts: the Feast of the Translation of the Black Nazarene on January 9, where the image is returned to its shrine in Quiapo Church in a day-long procession of millions; and the Feast of the Santo Niño de Cebú (Holy Child Jesus) every Third Sunday of January, with the largest celebrations being held in Cebu City.[9]. 0 Examples of patronal fiestas are the Nativity of St John the Baptist every June 24, where communities under his patronage would celebrate his summertime birth by splashing other people with water, and the triduum of feasts known as the Obando Fertility Rites held in mid-May, where devotees dance for fertility in a custom that has ancient animist roots. Description: The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. 0000000016 00000 n startxref Many historians have claimed that the Philippines peacefully accepted Spanish rule; the reality is that many insurgencies and rebellions continued on small scales in different places through the Hispanic colonial period. The Visita Iglesia is the praying of the Stations of the Cross in several churches (often numbering seven) on either Maundy Thursday or Good Friday. Christians celebrate important holidays in many different ways, the most important of which are Christmas, Lent and Holy Week, All Souls' Day, as well as many local fiestas honouring patron saints and especially the Virgin Mary. Sitoy's work is one more contribution to Christianity's history in the Philippines, a task spurred on by the fourth centennial celebrations of the Christianization of the country held in 1965. 0000008081 00000 n Early Arabians had heard the gospel from Peter the Apostle at Jerusalem (Acts 2:11), as well as evangelized by Paul's ministry in Arabia (Galatians 1:17) and also by the evangelistic ministry of St Thomas. 0000001315 00000 n [7][8], In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan under the service of Spain came across the Philippines while searching for the Spice Islands. Church history Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sitoy, T. Valentino, 1939-History of Christianity in the Philippines. Theatre troupes or towns meanwhile stage Passion plays called Senákulo, which are similar to its European predecessors in that there is no universal text, that actors and crew are often ordinary townsfolk, and that it depicts Biblical scenes related to Salvation History other than the Passion. 0000001226 00000 n With his arrival in Cebu on March 17, 1521, his first attempt was to colonize the islands and to Christianise its inhabitants. 0000000856 00000 n Popular holiday spots such as Boracay often dispense with these customs, while many people use the long holiday for overseas travel instead of observing the traditional rites. Here, it is prominently depicted as the Magellan’s cross. Adapted from the ancient Filipino art of orally transmitting poems through chant, the devotion is usually performed by groups of individuals, each member chanting in shifts to ensure complete, unbroken recitation of the text. In order to achieve this, Spain had three principal objectives in its policy towards the Philippines: the first was to secure Spanish control and acquisition of a share in the spice trade; use the islands in developing contact with Japan and China in order to further Christian missionaries’ efforts there; and lastly to spread their religion.[10]. Protestantism’s true mark on the Philippines was in the transmission of American values, including interest in sports, music, and civil organization. Catholicismin the PHILIPPINES TODAY Roman Catholics worship God through its Liturgy or the sacrament of the Eucharist, through mass usually every Sunday of the week. 0000005229 00000 n Early Arabians had heard the gospel from Peter the Apostle at Jerusalem (Acts 2:11), as well as evangelized by Paul's ministry in Arabia (Galatians 1:17) and also by the evangelistic ministry of St Thomas. The History of the Establishment and Expansion of Christianity in the Philippines Christianity in the Philippines dates back to the Spanish colonization. Unión Espiritista Cristiana de Filipinas, Inc. Atheism, Agnosticism and other forms of Irreligion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity_in_the_Philippines&oldid=971906251, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Majority throughout the country (except in the. 500 Years of Christianity in the Philippines THE ELEMENTS The CROSS signifies the Christian sign of salvation. A history of Christianity in the Philippines by T. Valentino Sitoy, 1985, New Day Publishers edition, in English |a A history of Christianity in the Philippines |c T. Valentino Sitoy, Jr. 264 1 |a Quezon City |b New Day Publ. 0000008899 00000 n On 14 April 2021, the Philippines will celebrate the first baptism in the country, which is featured in the logo of 500 Year of Christianity, led by the Archdiocese of Cebu. 0000001405 00000 n Practises include the continuous melodic recital of the Pasyón, a 17th-century epic poem which narrates Biblical stories and the life of Christ, with a focus on the Passion narrative (hence its name). 500 Years of Christianity In 2021 the Philippines will mark half a millennium of Christianity in the country. Quezon City, Philippines : New Day … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Christmas is the biggest holiday, and one of its most beloved rites is the Simbang Gabi or Misa de Gallo, a series of Masses held before dawn in the nine days preceding Christmas Day. |c 19XX- 336 |a Text |b txt |2 rdacontent 337 |a ohne … 0000006147 00000 n The YMCA, for example, was established in Manila in 1904. 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