Tri-County Corn and Soybean Yields 2019 By Nathan Drewitz, University of Minnesota Extension. These adjusted NASS yields are currently being used in the Gardner Program Payment Calculator and the 2018 Farm Bill What-If Tool (both available at the 2018 Farm Bill Toolbox). The yield adjustment factor is an average of the deviations between FSA and NASS yields over the 5-year period from 2013 to 2017. 2017 Crop Year Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) Final County Yields and Final County Revenues for Sugarcane; 2018 Crop Year Margin Protection (MP) Final County Yields, Harvest Revenue and Harvest Margins for Corn, Soybeans and Rice; 2018 Crop Year Area Risk Protection Insurance (ARPI) Final County Yields and Final County Revenues … Click here to view County Maps. County estimates can be found in QuickStats at https://quickstats.nass.usda.gov. NASS yields are available through the Quick Stats website maintained by NASS. The ARC/PLC program enrollment deadline of March 15, 2020 is quickly approaching. All values are bushels per acre, per year. Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics. The yield adjustment factors for corn in counties with non-irrigated or combined (all) production are provided in Figure 1. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. This is an average of annual deviations between FSA and NASS yields for soybeans in McLean county, which range from -0.8 (in 2013) to 5.7 bushels (in 2016). However, ARC-IC calculates all crops on a farm together and utilizes farm-level historic … Find and download agricultural statistics for every state and county in the United States. The cool and wet conditions this spring resulted in the slowest corn planting progress since USDA started recording planting progress in 1980. Guidelines are available here. This is an average of annual deviations between FSA and NASS yields for soybeans in McLean county, which range from -0.8 (in 2013) to 5.7 bushels (in 2016). USDA has not yet released the final county RMA average yields for 2019, which will be used to calculate final 2019 ARC-CO payments. County-level estimates for 2019 small grain acreage, yield, and production are now available, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Final yields and prices used to determine payments will not be known until the end of the 2019 marketing year. 12/23/20  United States Hog Inventory Down 1 Percent, 12/08/20  U.S. Horticulture Operations Report $13.8 Billion in Sales, 11/30/20  USDA to Conduct 2020 Local Food Marketing Practices Survey, 11/10/20  USDA Appoints Members to the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics, 10/22/20  2019 Organic Survey results show sales up 31% from 2016, 10/09/20  U.S. Corn and Soybean Production Down from September, 12/10/20  USDA NASS to Reinstate the Agricultural Labor Survey Previously Scheduled for Oct. 2020, 12/01/20  NASS Reschedules North American Potatoes Report to December 9, 09/30/20  USDA NASS to Suspend the October Agricultural Labor Survey, 08/17/20  USDA NASS to Collect Additional Harvested Acreage Information, 05/12/20  USDA NASS to Re-Survey North Dakota Operators with Previously Unharvested Corn and Soybeans, 08/05/20  The NASS Mission: We do it for you, 04/11/19  2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Farms and Land in Farms, 04/11/19  2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Economics, 04/11/19  2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Demographics, 04/08/19  How to find 2017 Census of Agriculture Data, 12/10/20  Crop Production (December 2020), 11/10/20  Crop Production (November 2020), 09/30/20  Small Grains and Stocks (September 2020), Talking About NASS - A guide for partners and stakeholders, REE Reasonable Accommodations and Personal Assistance Services, Safeguarding America's Agricultural Statistics Report and Video, Agriculture Counts - The Founding and Evolution of the National Agricultural Statistics Service   1957-2007. Regional Change in Rental Rates from 2015-2019 Following is a table showing the total percent change in land rental rates for the five years from 2015 through and including 2019 and the one-year change Land Rental Rates The yields currently used to estimate 2019 ARC-CO payments could still vary from final yields used by FSA. Comparison of 2019 NASS vs RMA County Corn Yields The county yield data source for the Agricultural Risk Coverage County-level (ARC-CO) program was a debate in passing the 2018 Farm Bill, which ultimately changed from a National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) reported yield to a Risk Management Agency (RMA) reported yield. Again, the yield adjustment factors are averages of deviations between FSA and NASS yields over a 5-year period for each county where data is available. The USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the 2019 estimated average county yields for corn, soybeans, and other crops on February 20. For example, county yields for 2019 were released in February 2020. PLC Yield Adjustment Factor PDF 113KB Provides the ratio of the 2008-2012 average national yield divided by 2013-2017 average national yield (limited to .9000 - 1.0000). It allows you to customize your query by commodity, location, or time period. ~ Providing Timely, Accurate and Useful Statistics in Service to U.S. Agriculture ~, County and District Geographic Boundaries, Crop Condition and Soil Moisture Analytics, Agricultural Statistical Board Corrections, United States Hog Inventory Down 1 Percent, U.S. Horticulture Operations Report $13.8 Billion in Sales, USDA to Conduct 2020 Local Food Marketing Practices Survey, USDA Appoints Members to the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics, 2019 Organic Survey results show sales up 31% from 2016, U.S. Corn and Soybean Production Down from September, USDA NASS to Reinstate the Agricultural Labor Survey Previously Scheduled for Oct. 2020, NASS Reschedules North American Potatoes Report to December 9, USDA NASS to Suspend the October Agricultural Labor Survey, USDA NASS to Collect Additional Harvested Acreage Information, USDA NASS to Re-Survey North Dakota Operators with Previously Unharvested Corn and Soybeans, 2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Farms and Land in Farms, 2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Economics, 2017 Census of Agriculture Highlight Series – Demographics, How to find 2017 Census of Agriculture Data, Statement of Commitment to Scientific Integrity, NASS Civil Rights and Anti-Harassment Policy Statement, Civil Rights Accountability Policy and Procedures, Contact information for NASS Civil Rights Office, Agricultural Statistics: A Historical Timeline, As We Recall: The Growth of Agricultural Estimates, 1933-1961, Safeguarding America's Agricultural Statistics Report, Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). Thus, the adjusted NASS yields used in the Gardner Program Payment Calculator and What-If Tool are likely more reliable for areas in the Central Corn Belt with non-irrigated or combined (all) production types, and less reliable for areas outside the region or where irrigated production will be reported separately by FSA for ARC-CO. Age of US Farmers: Is the Wrong Issue Being Addressed? It was developed in cooperation with the Center for Spatial Information Science and Systems at George Mason University. FSA has provided the 2013 to 2017 trend-adjusted yield histories used to calculate 2019 benchmark yields for the ARC-CO program, along with the annual yield trend factors used for the 2019 program (benchmark yield and trend factor data available here). NASS County estimates where utilized if crop insurance yield data did not exist (or was not sufficient) and if the yield reported by NASS was reflective of the given irrigation practice. An example of the comparison of NASS and FSA yields, and calculation of the yield adjustment factor, for corn in McLean county Illinois is provided in Table 1. It is designed to remotely sense geospatial soil moisture and vegetation index data derived from NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) missions to assess U.S. soil moisture condition and crop vegetation conditions. A “2019arcCoPayEstimates.xlsx” worksheet provides an ARC-CO payment estimate for each county that NASS has provided a yield. farmdoc daily (10):32, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, February 21, 2020. Query the Census of Agriculture database to retrieve customized Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time Monday - Friday, except federal holidays Toll-Free: (800) 727-9540, Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time Monday - Friday, except federal holidays Toll-Free: (833) One-USDA For a detailed statement, please see the University of Illinois Copyright Information and Policies here. To view the Census publications, visit our Census of Agriculture webpage. At the farm bill meetings held across the state, farmers were provided with handouts of county yields that will be used to determine the 2019 ARC county payments. Balance Sheet & Historical Financial Statements, Briomass Crop Budget Tool – Miscanthus & Switchgrass, Illinois Soil Productivity & Yield Utilities, Farmland LEasing Facts Sheets & Pricing Information, Paulson, N., G. Schnitkey, J. Coppess, K. Swanson and C. Zulauf. Economics, Statistics and Market Information System (ESMIS). FSA will use crop insurance data collected by RMA in calculating county yields for ARC-CO, which will differ from yields reported by NASS. PUBLISHED ON March 22, 2020. Release of the NASS county yield estimates provided additional information which can be used to assist producers in making their ARC/PLC program enrollment decisions for the 2019 and 2020 crop years. It delivers interactive vegetation indices that enable quantification of U.S. crop conditions for exploring, visualizing, querying, and disseminating via interactive maps. With the release of NASS county yield estimates last week, producers now have virtually all information that will become available to estimate payments and help make their program decisions by the enrollment deadline. Farm operators were more interested in the NASS yields this year than in other years, due to the potential impacts on the 2019 and 2020 farm program decisions. Where NASS was unable to publish a county estimate, RMA determined the final county yield in accordance with the ARPI and MP basic provisions. "2019 ARC-CO Payment Estimates for Corn and Soybeans Based on NASS County Yields." The soybean yield adjustment factor for McLean county Illinois is 1.8 bushels. The actual county revenue is the final Risk Management Agency (RMA) county average yield times the final MYA price for the year. ", Adjusting NASS County Yields to Estimate 2019 ARC-CO Payments, https://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/arcplc_program/arcplc-program-data/index, 2019 ARC-CO Payment Estimates for Corn and Soybeans Based on NASS County Yields. FSA has released yields from 2013 through 2017 for calculating benchmark revenue. Tri-county corn and soybean yields 2019 NASS released the crop yield estimates for various crops from 2019. Figure 2 maps the yield adjustment factors for corn in counties with irrigated production data. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. Website: https://ask.usda.gov/s/, Customer Service Email: / Phone:  (800) 727-9540, Sue King, Public Affairs Director Email: / Phone:  (202) 690-8122, Jim Barrett, Public Affairs Specialist Email: / Phone:  (202) 690-8124, Teresa White, Public Affairs Specialist Email: / Phone: (202) 690-8123, June Turner, Director  Email: / Phone:  (202) 720-8257, Find contact information for Regional and State Field Offices. FSA has provided the 2013 to 2017 trend-adjusted yield histories used to calculate 2019 benchmark yields for the ARC-CO program, along with the annual yield trend factors used for the 2019 program (benchmark yield and trend factor data available here). Trend adjustments were removed from the FSA benchmark yield histories and then compared with NASS yield data, where available, over the 2013 to 2017 crop years. Share Tweet Email. Requests for Special Tabulations are considered when the requested data are not published elsewhere. Today’s post further clarifies the definition of those yield adjustments and discusses implications for the uncertainty that will continue to surround estimated 2019 ARC-CO payment rates. Crop Condition and Soil Moisture Analytics (Crop-CASMA) is a web-based geospatial application. The Quick Stats Database is the most comprehensive tool for accessing agricultural data published by NASS. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. Last week, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released county yield estimates which we are now using to estimate 2019 ARC-CO payments for corn and soybeans (farmdoc daily February 21, 2020). ARC/PLC Program Data, Program Year 2019 Data. This article shows break-even county yields below which Agricultural Risk Coverage at the County Level (ARC-CO) will make payments in 2019. However, producers should be aware that the yields used by FSA to calculate ARC-CO payments will likely differ from those reported directly by NASS, and also likely differ from the adjusted NASS yields we are currently using to project 2019 ARC-CO payments in the Gardner Program Payment Calculator and 2018 Farm Bill What-If Tool. After years of using NASS yields as a primary data source for FSA yields, Congress mandated FSA to use RMA yields. In 2019, NASS was unable to publish several large producing counties due to an insufficient number of responses.” For irrigated soybeans, the average yield adjustment across all counties is nearly 5 bushels. Email: askusda@usda.gov The average soybean yield adjustment factor for counties with all and non-irrigated practices is -1.6 bushels. This adjusted yield is what is currently being used in the Gardner Program Payment Calculator to project 2019 ARC-CO payments for McLean county. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. Averaging the annual deviations, the corn yield adjustment factor for McLean county Illinois is 4.9 bushels. A “2019arcCoPayEstimates.xlsx” worksheet provides an ARC-CO payment estimate for each county that NASS has provided a yield. For irrigated corn, the average corn yield adjustment is nearly 20 bushels. though there is no statistical difference between the two data sets. Farm operators were more interested in the NASS yields this year than in other years, due to the potential impacts on the 2019 and 2020 farm program decisions. Making Orange County a safe, healthy, and fulfilling place to live, work, and play, today and for generations to come, by providing outstanding, cost-effective regional public services. 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