HC Harrison and Co-Workers (1977 BC): 53. JE Galagan and Co-Workers [Whitehead Institute Center for Genome Research, USA] (2003 BC): The first complete genome sequencing of a fungus Neurospora crassa. Studied biochemical changes in diseased plants and enzymes. Lamson-Scribner is the first federal phytopathologist, who protect grapevine by spraying with Bordeaux mixture. The type culture collection was initiated in 1963 in the Division of Mycology and Plant Pathology, IARI, New Delhi. The first report of ‘Cynophages’ was done by Safferman and Morris (1956). Department of Plant Pathology Selby Hall 1680 Madison Ave., Wooster, OH 44691 Phone: 330-263-3838 Fax: 330-263-3841 Recorded Breaking of tulips due to viral infection. Baron Arnold, Paul Edmand Thenard (1869 BC): Used first soil fumigant (CS2) against Phylloxera in France. Over the last 10 years, I have written dozens of historically-oriented articles pertaining to plant pathology and its development at the PHREC in Scottsbluff as well as the Department of Plant Pathology in Lincoln. Introduced the use of agar in microbiological methods. First Indian scientist who collected and identified the fungi. Determined the complete TMV RNA base sequence of 6395 nucleotides. Patented first living organism (Giant Pseudomonas bacterium commonly known as ‘super bug’). Anton de Bary (Germany) [Father of Plant pathology/Founder of Modern Mycology] (1831 BC): Described the account of development and sex in number of Phycomycetes and Ascomycetes. Finished the complete genome sequencing of first bacterial plant pathogen, Xylella fastidiosa. Anton de Bary (Germany) [Father of Plant pathology/Founder of Modern Mycology] (1831BC): Described the account of development and sex in number of Phycomycetes and Ascomycetes. Anton de bary (1831 – 1888) – the father of plant pathology, In 1853 he established that rust and smuts are causes not the results of disease, studied development of many smut and rust Debary’sstudents:Woronin, Brefeld, Millardet, Ward & Farlow, Julius Gotthelf Kuhn. History of plant pathology Definition Plant pathology or phytopathology is the science, which deals with the plant diseases. ancient era, medieval era, pre-modern era, modern era and present era which are useful to understand the development made on the subject of plant pathology and further … The first Director of Imperial Bureau of Mycology, now CAB International Mycological Institute was EJ Butler (1920). 12. The first report on use of solar energy for the control of soil-borne diseases was published by Katan et al. Wrote monograph on ‘Diseases of Millets’ published by ICAR . xxxi. ix. Transmission of grape vine fan leaf virus by Xiphinema index. Showed that IAA biosynthesis genes occur on a plasmid in Pseudomonas savastanoi. K C Mehta (Father of Indian Rust) (1940 BC): Studied epidemiology of cereal rusts in India. xxi. Ditylenchus dipsaci infesting teasel heads. As professor and chair, Dr. Richard L. Kiesling was instrumental in making the department what it is today. Developed first heterocyclic nitrogen compound ‘Captan’, commonly known as ‘Kittleson’s Killer’. History of Plant Pathology. B Kearney and BJ Staskawicz (1990 BC): The avrBs2 avirulence gene of Xanthomonas campestris acts as effectors for pathogen virulence and fitness that have been co-optad by plant disease resistance genes. MK Patel (Father of Indian Plant Bacteriology) (1886-1971 BC): Advocated the family Phytobacteriaceae to include all plant pathogenic bacteria. The first disease forecasting system in plant pathology was developed for grape vine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) in 1913 (Muller’s incubation calendar, Germany). The first hand operated powder gun for fungicide dusting was invented by Legget in 1854 in USA. First report on plant parasitic nematodes from India on root-knot nematode infesting tea in south India. Suggested the use of linseed oil in Bordeaux mixture for improving coverage and tenacity. Tavladoraki and Co-Workers (1993 BC): Described first successful use of plant bodies to reduce susceptibility to Artichoke mottle crinkle virus by means of an scFv antibody directed against the coat protein of the virus. Reported that tumour virus contain dsRNA. 5. Diseases in plant have been known since ancient times. Demonstrated that transgenic tobacco plants expressing the coat protein gene of TMV exhibits resistance to the virus. Johann Baptista Zallinger (Germany) (1773 BC): Gave the systematic classification of plant diseases. x. Flagellate protozoan was first found to be associated with plants in 1909, in Mauritius when Lafont reported that they parasitize the latex-bearing cells of Euphorbia. Thus began a rich, impressive legacy steeped in the land-grant university heritage. 7. The objectives of the Plant Pathology are the study on: i. the living entities that cause diseases in plants; ii. Rust, blight, mildews, smuts, were familiar to Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Chinese and Indians. GA Kausche, E. Pfankuch and H Ruska (1939 BC): Conducted X-ray diffraction studied on organization of TMV. Martinus Wilhelm Beijernick (Netherland) [Father of Plant Virology] (1898 BC): Tested Ivanowski’s hypothesis and concluded that the Tobacco mosaic disease was caused not by any pathogenic bacterium or toxin secreted by it but by “contagium vivum fluidum” which he referred as ‘virus’ and said that the virus multiplies in vivo. The book History of plant pathology depicts the historical events, discoveries and advancement made in the subject of plant pathology from the ancient era to till date and these are arranged into different eras viz. Gravity. The first International conference on biological control of plant pathogens was held in 1960 in USA. Recorded a number of disease including blights, mildews, rusts and blasts. 4. 2017021001 COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY (Affiliated to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-3) Kullapuram (Po),ViaVaigai Dam, Theni … 6. NO. In 1847, confirmed the observation of Prevost with regard to the causal organism of wheat bunt. Described perineal pattern technique to differentiate species of Meloidogyne. Initiated the use of radio-tracer in plant pathology and showed that P accumulates at rust infection centers in wheat. Non-viral transgenes could be silenced by infecting with virus vector expressing transgenes (VIGS, Virus Induced Gene Silencing). Reported that TMV inhibits transcription of chloroplast DNA leading to chloroplast destruction. Introduction to the History of Plant Pathology - Geoffrey Clough Ainsworth - Google Books. Described satellite RNA and established that viruses could have their own parasites which are dependent upon a helper virus for both replication and encapsidation. Discovered first broad spectrum antibiotic ‘Streptomycin’. Discovered the plants infected with Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) contain a specific antigen. Experimentally provided the first proof and interpretation of the role of a micro-organism in the causation of disease. In 1866, wrote text book on “Morphologie und Physiologie der Pilze, Flenchten, und Myxomyceten” Trained MS Woronin (Russia), Brefeld (Germany), Millardet (France), Ward (England), Farlow (USA) and Fischer (Switzerland). the mechanisms by which the disease causing agents produce diseases; iv. Rotem and Ben-Joseph (1970). 64. Wrote “Plant Diseases”, a book known as ‘Bible of Plant Pathology’. A. Grierer and G Schramm [Germany]; H Frankel-Conrat [USA] (1956 BC): Independently reported that infectivity of TMV lies in its RNA. Described the role of growth regulators in plant diseases by showing that culture fluids of Fusarium moniliforme reproduce symptoms of the ‘bakanae’ disease of rice. iv. Teliospores of Pharagmidium disciflorum were first observed under microscope. Parthsarathy et al. Powell-Abel and Co-Workers (1986 BC): Use plant viral coat protein to produce virus resistant plants. Demonstrated inheritance of rust resistance in wheat in a Mendelian fashion. The book History of plant pathology depicts the historical events, discoveries and advancement made in the subject of plant pathology from the ancient era to till date and these are arranged into different eras viz. 39. Recommended copper sulphate for wheat seed treatment against bunt and demonstrated first time the fungitoxic value of copper compounds. RNA act as target and initiator of post transcriptional gene silencing in transgenic plant. xxxii. HM Ward (England) [Father of Tropical Plant Pathology] (1880 BC): Emphasized the role of environment in the epidemiology of coffee rust. Studied hypersensitive response in Potato- Phytophthora system and formally proposed the phytoalexin hypothesis. viii.. AK Chatterjee and MP Starr (1972 BC): Described conjugative gene transfer in bacteria. Proved dissemination of diseases of Erwinia amylovora by insects (bees). Vander Plank (Father of Plant Epidemiology) (1968 BC): Gave the concept of horizontal and vertical resistance in plants. Dr. Kiesling was born November 20, 1922 in Illinois. Plant Pathology (Phytopathology) deals with the cause, etiology, resulting losses and control or management of the plant diseases. 11. Wrote “Manual of Agricultural Helminthology”. Balachandera Bhawanishankar B Mundukar (1948 BC): Established Indian Phytopathological Society with its journal ‘Indian Phytopathology’. Discovered symptomless plant carriers of virus diseases. Reported connection between plant disease and programmed cell death cell suicide or apoptosis associated with hypersensitive reaction. Reported that wound tumour virus multiplies in its leaf hopper vector. Recommended mercuric chloride as wood preservative. SP Briggs, JD Walton and Co-Workers (1992 BC): Cloned the first resistance gene (Hm-1) from corn and demonstrated that its protein product detoxified the host selective toxin of Cochliobolus carbonum. vasinfectum. Plant disease was recorded in Vedas (Rugveda, Athavaeda) as early as 1200 B.C. Reported white tip disease of rice caused by Aphelechoides besseyi in Central India. Suggested use of Trichoderma spp. 24. glycinea DC300. xi. Noticed the control of apple scab by lime sulfur. i. 5. ii. Reported root-knot nematode on black pepper in Kerala. Transmission of a viral disease by leaf hopper. Gave first detailed description of the nematode morphology. Doi and Co-Workers (Japan) (1967 BC): Reported the existence of Mycoplasma-like-organism (MLO) as causal agent of plant diseases. Introduced the use of copper sulfate admixed with lime as a seed treatment to control wheat bunt. Flashcards. Crick and Watson; Crick and Kendrew (1957 BC): Formulated general theory about structure of viral capsids. Created by. Gave gene for gene hypothesis of disease resistance and susceptibility while working on linseed rust (Melampsora lini). ancient era, medieval era, pre-modern era, modern era?and present era which are useful to understand the development made on the subject of plant pathology and further scope of … Anderer and Co-Workers; Tsugita and Co-Workers (1960 BC): Worked out the sequence of amino acid arrangement in protein molecule of TMV protein coat. 15. Reported Molya disease of wheat (Heterodera avenae) from Rajasthan. Worked on the control of rust and wilt diseases of cotton. The first commercially available biological control agent was Peniophora gigantean for the control of Fomes (Heterobasidium) annosus in 1963. xxii. Contributed to the understanding of the ground nut rust, sunflower downy mildew. Jonard and Co-Workers and Guilley and Co-Workers (1975 BC): Reported that replication site of TMV RNA appears to be constituted by a sequence of 103 nucleotides that represents parts of the coat protein cistron. Discovered introduction of plasmid DNA of Agrobacterium tumefaciens into cells of higher plants and said that part of this DNA inserts into DNA of the plant cell. 9. The foundation of this institute was laid-down by Henry Phipps, Jr., an American Philanthropist of USA. 22. Theory Importance, definitions and concepts of plant diseases, history and growth of plant pathology, biotic and abiotic causes of plant diseases.Growth, reproduction, Showed that the germ tubes of the bean rust fungus accurately sense the “lips” of host stomata and initiate development of appresoria. Elias Magnus Fries (Sweden) [Linnaeus of Mycology/Father of systematic Mycology] (1821 BC): Regarded the rust and smut fungi as products of diseased plants. Polyprotein processing is used as a strategy for gene expression in RNA viruses (polyvirus, Tobacco etch virus). Isolated bacteriophage of Bacillus carotovora. Reported that yellow disease of water hyacinth was caused by a bacterium. Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the scientific study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens (infectious organisms) and environmental conditions (physiological factors). 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For measurement and plant Pathology – the diseases of Cultivated Crops, their Causes and their control now International Institute.